Main Article Content

Chen Luo Jingting Li Jie Xu


Today, nanoparticles have attracted the attention of many researchers due to their special properties as well as their many technological applications. Among these, titanium dioxide nanoparticles have many important applications in various industries due to their excellent optical, electrical and catalytic properties. These applications include use in industrial pigments, as photocatalysts in environmental cleansing, in sunscreens to protect the skin, in photovoltaic applications for solar cells, sensors, in electronic device components, and many more. Two important properties of this material that make it very efficient and useful in life are its photocatalytic and superhydrophobic properties. These two properties are used to purify water and wastewater, eliminate air pollution and buildings, accelerate photochemical reactions such as hydrogen production, fabricate surfaces and layers and self-cleaning glass. The properties of titanium dioxide nanoparticles are strongly dependent on the size of the doped particles, elements or compounds and the surface modifications made on them, which in turn are influenced by the nanoparticle synthesis method. For this reason, methods for the synthesis of titanium dioxide nanoparticles have received much attention today. As the size of the material gets smaller and smaller and reaches the nanoscale, new physical and chemical properties show up. Among the unique properties of nanomaterials, the motion of electrons and holes in semiconductor nanomaterials is dominated by quantum constraint, and the transfer properties of phonons and photons are strongly influenced by the size and geometry of the material. The effective surface area and surface to volume ratio increase with decreasing the material size. High effective levels are achieved by small particles, which will be useful in many 2TiO-based types of equipment in which the interaction of the common surface of the material is important.

Article Details


Solar energy, Titanium dioxide nanoparticles, Solar cells, Titanium dioxide

[1] G. Kalita, M. Umeno, M. Tanemura. Blend of Silicon Nanostructures and Conducting Polymers for Solar Cells. Nanostructured Polymer Blends. Elsevier2014. pp. 495-508.
[2] J. Liu, Y. Li, S. Arumugam, J. Tudor, S. Beeby. Investigation of low temperature processed titanium dioxide (TiO2) films for printed dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) for large area flexible applications. Materials Today: Proceedings. 5 (2018) 13846-54.
[3] A. Sacco, S. Porro, A. Lamberti, M. Gerosa, M. Castellino, A. Chiodoni, et al. Investigation of transport and recombination properties in graphene/titanium dioxide nanocomposite for dye-sensitized solar cell photoanodes. Electrochimica Acta. 131 (2014) 154-9.
[4] W. Fan, D. Tan, W. Deng. Theoretical investigation of triphenylamine dye/titanium dioxide interface for dye-sensitized solar cells. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 13 (2011) 16159-67.
[5] M. Hosseinnezhad, K. Gharanjig, M.K. Yazdi, P. Zarrintaj, S. Moradian, M.R. Saeb, et al. Dye-sensitized solar cells based on natural photosensitizers: A green view from Iran. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 828 (2020) 154329.
[6] M. Yarmohamadi-Vasel, A.R. Modarresi-Alam, M. Noroozifar, M.S. Hadavi. An investigation into the photovoltaic activity of a new nanocomposite of (polyaniline nanofibers)/(titanium dioxide nanoparticles) with different architectures. Synthetic Metals. 252 (2019) 50-61.
[7] A. Behjat, F. Jafari Nodoushan, A. Khoshroo, M. Ghoshani. Study of the effect of Titanium dioxide nano particle size on efficiency of the dye-sensitized Solar cell using natural Pomegranate juice. Iranian Journal of Physics Research. 14 (2015) 361-7.
[8] A. Kazemi. Atomistic Study of the Effect of Magnesium Dopants on Nancrystalline Aluminium. 2019.
[9] A. Kazemi, S. Yang. Atomistic Study of the Effect of Magnesium Dopants on the Strength of Nanocrystalline Aluminum. JOM. 71 (2019) 1209-14.
[10] S.S. Asadi-Ojaee, A. Mirabi, A.S. Rad, S. Movaghgharnezhad, S. Hallajian. Removal of Bismuth (III) ions from water solution using a cellulose-based nanocomposite: A detailed study by DFT and experimental insights. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 295 (2019) 111723.
[11] M. Chegeni, S.K. Pour, B.F. Dizaji. Synthesis and characterization of novel antibacterial Sol-gel derived TiO2/Zn2TiO4/Ag nanocomposite as an active agent in Sunscreens. Ceramics International. 45 (2019) 24413-8.
[12] H. Kermani, A. Rohrbach. Orientation-Control of two plasmonically coupled nanoparticles in an optical trap. ACS Photonics. 5 (2018) 4660-7.
[13] S. Movaghgharnezhad, A. Mirabi. Advanced Nanostructure Amplified Strategy for Voltammetric Determination of Folic Acid. Int J Electrochem Sci. 14 (2019) 10956-65.
[14] A. Kondori, M. Esmaeilirad, A. Baskin, B. Song, J. Wei, W. Chen, et al. Identifying catalytic active sites of trimolybdenum phosphide (Mo3P) for electrochemical hydrogen evolution. Advanced Energy Materials. 9 (2019) 1900516.
[15] M.S. Ntiribinyange. Degradation of textile wastewater using ultra-small ?-Feooh/Tio2 heterojunction structure as a visible light photocatalyst. Cape Peninsula University of Technology2016.
[16] N.H. Mohtor, M.H.D. Othman, S.A. Bakar, T.A. Kurniawan, H. Dzinun, M.N.A.M. Norddin, et al. Synthesis of nanostructured titanium dioxide layer onto kaolin hollow fibre membrane via hydrothermal method for decolourisation of reactive black 5. Chemosphere. 208 (2018) 595-605.
[17] H. Asemani, F. Zareanshahraki, V. Mannari. Design of hybrid nonisocyanate polyurethane coatings for advanced ambient temperature curing applications. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 136 (2019) 47266.
[18] F. Peng, L. Cai, L. Huang, H. Yu, H. Wang. Preparation of nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide with visible-light photocatalytic activity using a facile hydrothermal method. journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids. 69 (2008) 1657-64.
[19] M. Kamei, T. Mitsuhashi. Hydrophobic drawings on hydrophilic surfaces of single crystalline titanium dioxide: surface wettability control by mechanochemical treatment. Surface Science. 463 (2000) L609-L12.
[20] H. Mohammadnejad, S. Liao, B.A. Marion, K.D. Pennell, L.M. Abriola. Development and Validation of a Two-Stage Kinetic Sorption Model for Polymer and Surfactant Transport in Porous Media. Environmental Science & Technology. 54 (2020) 4912-21.
[21] M. Bagheri, M. Azmoodeh. Substrate Stiffness Changes Cell Rolling and Adhesion over L-selectin Coated Surface in a Viscous Shear Flow. arXiv preprint arXiv:191000002. (2019).
Mechanical Engineering
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

The copyright in the text of individual articles (including research articles, opinion articles, book reviews, conference proceedings and abstracts) is the property of their respective authors, subject to a general license granted to Mapta Publishing Group and a Creative Commons CC-BY licence granted to all others, as specified below. The compilation of all content on this site, as well as the design and look and feel of this website are the exclusive property of Mapta Publishing Group.

All contributions to Mapta Publishig Group may be copied and re-posted or re-published in accordance with the Creative Commons licence referred to below.

Articles and other user-contributed materials may be downloaded and reproduced subject to any copyright or other notices.

As an author or contributor you grant permission to others to reproduce your articles, including any graphics and third-party materials supplied by you, in accordance with the Mapta Publishing GroupTerms and Conditions and subject to any copyright notices which you include in connection with such materials. The licence granted to third parties is a Creative Common Attribution ("CC BY") licence. The current version is CC-BY, version 4.0 (, and the licence will automatically be updated as and when updated by the Creative Commons organisation.

How to Cite

Luo, C., Li, J. ., & Xu, J. . (2020). Investigation of The Use of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles in Solar Cells. Mapta Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (MJMIE), 4(1), 11-20.