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With the development and increasing influence of the use of distributed generation resources, distribution networks have changed from passive networks to active networks. In these new networks, operation on an island will increase both the reliability of the network in the competitive market and the maximum utilization of distributed generation resources. But despite the various benefits, micro-grids with distributed generation resources also have disadvantages. One of the disadvantages is the increasing complexity of control systems, protection systems, and operating systems of the global distribution network. In recent research, various methods have been proposed for controlling the micro-grids, especially voltage and frequency control. This paper presents a method for controlling a photovoltaic (PV) system with maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller and battery storage to provide voltage-frequency (v-f) support in an islanded microgrid. The results of the PV system control transition from v-f to constant power mode, and the transfer of diesel generator control from constant power to frequency control have been satisfying. This feature helps the controller to adapt to changes in radiation levels as well as battery storage. It introduces a new algorithm for MPPT control that offers control strategies, effective coordinated between v-f control in the inverter, MPPT control, and battery storage control. Finally, the proposed scheme is implemented on the IEEE 13-bus distribution feeder in islanded mode using MATLAB software, the results of which clearly demonstrate the efficiency of the control methods.
Distributed Energy Sources (DER), Distributed Generation (DG), Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), Voltage-Frequency Control (v-f), Photovoltaic System (PV)
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